New Hiv infections may Affect curbing Aids by 2015

UNAIDs Executive Director, Michael Sidibe

New Aids Infection may affect race to curb the AIDS pandemic by 2015, a deadline
set by UN member states.HIV, Aids among Ugandans has risen from 6.4%
to 7.3% and the increase is attributed to multiple sexual partners(2011 Uganda
Aids indicators). The survey shows that HIV prevalence rate is 8.3% in women and 6.1
% in men in Uganda and it indicated that 11% women in urban areas have a higher
HIV prevalence rate than those in rural areas at 8%.The HIV is highest among widowed
women at 32.4 % compared to 31.4 in men.HIV prevalence rate is at 10.6% in central
region, 4.1% in mid eastern region, West Nile at 4.9%, south western 8%.
Kenya’s HIV prevalence peaked during the late 1990s and, according to the latest
figures, has dramatically reduced to around 6.2 percent. This decline is thought to
be partially due to an increase in education and awareness, but also from high death
rates. However, the prevalence rates are high along the 280 beaches of Lake Victoria.
The National Aids Control Council recently launched an advocacy program along Lake
Victoria beaches to sensitise residents on the dangers of unprotected sex.
According to Professor Alloys Orago, director of clinical immunology and epidemiology
of infectious diseases, the rate of HIV/AIDS stands at 26 per cent. This is primarily
driven by retrogressive cultural beliefs, lack of awareness which leads to unprotected
sex and too much ‘idle’ money.The most endangered age group, among fishing community
is 15 to 24-year-olds who appear to be the most reckless in having multiple
partners.
According to the 2010 Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey, HIV prevalence is 3
percent for the general population, with significant gender and geographic disparities.
Prevalence among adult women is estimated to be 3.7 percent and 2.2 percent for
adult men, while the rates in urban areas (7.1 percent) are three times higher than in
rural areas (2.3 percent).
In Somalia and Senegal the HIV prevalence is under 1% of the adult population,
whereas in Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe around 10-15% of adults are infected with
HIV. Southern Africa is the worst impacted by AIDS; in South Africa the HIV prevalence
is 17.8% and in three other southern African countries, the national adult HIV prevalence
rate now exceeds 20%. These countries are Botswana (24.8%), Lesotho (23.6%)
and Swaziland (25.9%) UNAIDS (2010).
West Africa has been less affected by HIV and AIDS, but some countries are experiencing
rising HIV prevalence rates. In Cameroon HIV prevalence is now estimated at 5.3%
and in Gabon it stands at 5.2%. In Nigeria, HIV prevalence is low (3.6%) compared to
the rest of Africa. Adult HIV prevalence in East Africa exceeds 6% in Uganda, Kenya and
Tanzania UNAIDS (2012). In North Africa the number of people newly infected with
HIV each year has risen since 2001, although overall numbers are still relatively low.
However, because of its large population (it is the most populous country in sub-Saharan
Africa), this equates to around 3.3 million people living with HIV UNAIDS (2010)5
Overall, rates of new HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa appear to have peaked
in the late 2010s, and HIV prevalence seems to
have declined slightly, although it remains at an
extremely high level of 6 percent among adults
UNAIDS (2012).
‘From despair to hope’
Africa is pulling out all the stops in its race to curb

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